Mapping the Decline in Retail, England and Wales

Abstract: By comparing the government’s own data on business rates – based on values from 2008 to 2015, and made available in the 2010 and 2017 rating lists – we have been able to analyse changes in the number and value of retail properties across England and Wales over that period. Our analysis delivers a sobering message: across most of England and Wales, the revenue generated from business rates on retail properties has diminished significantly.

First published in The Conversation, 2018

A Revolution in Devolution?

Abstract: Kevin Muldoon-Smith and Dr Paul Greenhalgh consider how the recent business rates announcements will affect the commercial property sector.

First published in Estates Gazette, 2015.

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Civic Financialisation: Financing the Northern Powerhouse

Abstract: This chapter examines how the Northern Powerhouse agenda will be financed, in part, through the Government’s Business Rate Scheme (BRRS). It begins with a brief summary of local government finance in England, describing the transference from a centralised model to one based on the parallel rubrics of localism and local economic growth.

Chapter 10 of book: Developing England's North, 2018. 

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Debate: Real estate value - what next for fiscal decentralization in England?

Abstract:  There is a rabid interest in the value of land and property and its potential taxation as a panacea for the largely unfunded requirements of welfare, infrastructure and economic development. This article discusses progressive alternatives.

First published in Public Money and Management, 2018.

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Public Policy and Urban Transience: Provoking New Urban Development through Contemporary Models of Property Based Finance in England

Abstract: This chapter explores how contemporary public policies in England could provoke new urban development in certain sectors of the commercial built environment and exacerbate inertia and dereliction in others. The lens for this enquiry is the new focus on decentralised urban finance in England, specifically the Business Rate Retention Scheme (BRRS).

Chapter in book Transience and Permanence in Urban Development, 2017.

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Business Rate Retention: Securing Public Sector Service Delivery in the 21st Century

Abstract: Kevin Muldoon-Smith and Dr Paul Greenhalgh consider how the recent business rates announcements will affect the commercial property sector

First published in Valuer, 2015

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Situations Vacant: A Conceptual Framework for Commercial Real Estate Vacancy

Abstract: Commercial real estate vacancy is a key indicator of property market efficiency, economic performance and urban resilience. However, there has been little conceptual reflection into the abstract notion of vacancy beyond binary distinctions of natural and structural vacancy. Although useful simplifying meta-concepts, neither accounts for the internal complexity and imperfection that permeates real commercial property markets. This article outlines a conceptual framework that describes vacancy across the commercial real estate building life-cycle – from initial construction to final demolition and redevelopment.

Conference paper, 24th Annual European Real Estate Society (ERES) Conference, 2017

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Book review: Devolution and Localism in England

Devolution and Localism in England, by David M. Smith and Enid Wistrich, 2014

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Commercial property tax in the UK: business rates and rating appeals

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of the introduction of the business rates retention scheme (BRRS) in England which transferred financial liability for backdated appeals to LAs. Under the original scheme, business rates revenue, mandatory relief and liability for successful appeals is spilt 50/50 between central government and local government which both share the rewards of growth and bear the risk of losses.

First published in Journal of Property Investment and Finance, 2016

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Planners in the Future City: Using City Information Modelling to Support Planners as Market Actors

Abstract: Recently, Adams and Tiesdell (2010), Tewdwr-Jones (2012) and Batty (2013) have outlined the importance of information and intelligence in relation to the mediation and management of land, property and urban consumers in the future city. Traditionally, the challenge for urban planners was the generation of meaningful and timely information. Today, the urban planners’ challenge is no longer the timely generation of urban data, rather, it is in relation to how so much information can be exploited and integrated successfully into contemporary spatial planning and governance. The paper investigates this challenge through a commentary on two City Information Modelling (CIM) case studies at Northumbria University, UK.

First published in Urban Planning, 2016

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Greasing the wheels, or a spanner in the works? Permitting the adaptive re-use of redundant office buildings into residential use in England

Abstract: This paper explores the challenges involved in planning the adaptation of the urban built environment. It approaches this subject by appraising a recently introduced national planning policy (the permission to convert office buildings into residential use without planning permission) in England. Drawing on interviews conducted with planning practitioners, it is possible to unravel the impact of this policy instrument at the coal face of the discipline.

First published in Planning Theory and Practice, 2016

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Passing the buck without the bucks: Some reflections on fiscal decentralisation and the Business Rate Retention Scheme in England

Abstract: In an era of continuing Local Government austerity and enhanced urban financialisation, Local Government in England is increasingly reliant upon decentralised methods of urban finance (typically based on ‘new economic growth’ extracted from non-residential property development) to fund public services, economic development and urban regeneration.

First published in Local Economy, 2015

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Taking Stock: Secondary Opportunities and the Agile Future

An academic research survey conducted by Northumbria University and published 2015.

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Urban Transactions: Investigating the Relationship between Spatial Preference and Spatial Configuration in the City of Leeds

Abstract: This paper describes a composite method that can be used to investigates the relationship between spatial preference (in relation to commercial real estate occupation) and spatial configuration. The key finding in this paper (based on research in the city of Leeds in the UK) is that there is a potential link between urban configuration and spatial preference that could be exploited.

Conference paper, The 10th Space Syntax Symposium (SSS10), 2015

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